Special Learning Disabilities​
  • Group of developmental disorders
  • Significant unexpected, specific and persistent difficulties in the acquisition and use of reading (dyslexia), writing (dysgraphia) or mathematical (dyscalculia) abilities, 
  • despite conventional instruction, normal intelligence, proper motivation and adequate socio-cultural opportunity 
  • The child with SpLD is one who does not meet expectations for academic performance in school but has intelligence in the normal range
  • “a severe discrepancy between achievement  and intellectual ability in one or more of the following areas: 
    1. Oral expression 
    2. Listening comprehension
    3. Written expression
    4. Basic reading skill
    5. Reading comprehension
    6. Mathematical calculations
    7. Mathematical reasoning”

 

How does SpLD present?

  • Failure to achieve school grades commensurate with intelligence
  • Repeated spelling mistakes, untidy / illegible handwriting, poor sequencing, inability to perform simple mathematical calculations 
  • School failure / under-achievement
  • Adverse impact on self-image, relationships
  • If undetected: school drop-outs and even anti-social elements

 

Remedial Education:

  • Cornerstone of treatment of SpLD 
  • Should ideally begin early, when child in primary school
  • Special Educator formulates Individual Education Program (IEP) 
  • Hourly sessions twice / thrice wkly for few yrs

 

Role of Provisions:

  • SpLD distorts scores causing them to be too low
  • Provisions formulated to help SpLD children continue in regular mainstream school
  • Provisions function as ‘corrective lens’: distorted array of observed scores back to where they ought to be
  • Provisions serve to “level the play field“: academic performance now commensurate with intellectual ability 

 

Statistics:

Specific Learning disability

World – 1 out of 10 people suffers from some kind of learning disability

India – 3-10% of the general population

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